Algis Budrys' "Chain Reaction" (as by John A Sentry) (novelette, freedom): You're free, but live my way!
Story summary.An alien world where an intelligent species is held enslaved by another with much superior technology. Slaves whose work the owners don't even need anymore; they're held enslaved out of habit, or may be of need to exercise power over others.
A passing human ship discovers the enslavement, & frees the slaves. Only the humans are treating the newly freed as children that need to be taught how to live, & natives naturally resent it.
Fact sheet.First published: Astounding, April 1957.
Among the stories edited by John Campbell for Astounding/Analog.
Related: Stories of Algis Budrys.